A heat pump is an energy-efficient solution that is most suitable for climates that do not experience extreme
temperatures. Using electricity, the pump actually moves heat or cool air to the desired area rather than generating it. Heat is absorbed from cold spaces so that it can flow directly into the warmer area, and it also works the other way around. Although it is not suitable for all climates, it provides plenty of advantages in the right situation.
How a Residential Heat Pump Works
It is easiest to understand the function of a heat pump when you compare it to a household freezer. The term “heat” can be misleading because the system actually provides cool air as well. When the device is activated for heating, the pump is going to efficiently pull heat from the ground or surrounding outside air. Providing cool air relies on a refrigeration cycle that pulls heat out of the home to improve comfort.
Advantages Over a Furnace
Most people are happy to have the opportunity to save money when heating and cooling. A significant portion of monthly utility bills are related to the operation of an HVAC system, so it is very beneficial to eliminate some of this expense. A regular furnace is efficient, but it is a very serious drain on resources in every season. Heat pumps use renewable electricity instead of natural gas so they are more environmentally friendly. A heat pump also provides both heating and cooling settings so that there is no need for a separate unit. If you are switching to a brand new unit, the investment is going to pay off in lower bills as well as money-saving incentives.
Different Types of Heat Pumps
- Ductless – When single-room temperature control is sufficient for your needs, a ductless system is going to evenly and quietly distribute the optimal temperature.
- Geothermal – Using the ground as a source of heat and cooling is an efficient geothermal design that does not drain non-renewable resources.
- Air Source – Provided that the geographic area is suitable for mild temperature control, the air source system extracts heat or cool air from the immediate area
- Absorption – Rather than power by electricity, an absorption heat pump relies on heated water to boil a safe refrigerant solution to effectively generate heat.
Heat Pump Features
Basic and advanced features that you can find in a heat pump are going to offer a variety of immediate benefits.
Two-speed compressors are much better than a standard compressor model when it comes to zone control systems. It reduces the rate of compressor wear and allows you to cut down on the use of electricity as the unit operates. When this component is implemented into the zone control system in a larger home, the heat pump can actually provide different temperatures to different rooms.
Dual or variable-speed motors powering the internal fans improve overall comfort as the air moves continually. It is going to help cut down on drafts of cool air while heating, and the blower is going to be less noisy when running at a lower speed.
A desuperheater is a feature that comes standard in many high-efficiency systems because it reduces waste. When the unit is in cooling mode, the waste heat can be used as a water heater. Using this type of heat pump is going to provide up to 3 times more efficiency than a standard electric water heater.
Maintaining Your Heat Pump
Any climate control system that is not maintained properly is going to lose efficiency over time. Filters are very important when it comes to maintenance because significant debris and dust is going to block airflow and cause strain. Change disposable filters on a schedule once a month unless you have one that can be cleaned and reused. The same rule applies as far as ensuring cleanliness on a regular basis. A professional should cleanse and inspect the internal fans and coils as well because this can also lead to inadequate airflow.
Professional Service Checklist
There are some things that you can do between professional visits, but the following services should be provided during yearly maintenance of your heat pump.
- A full inspection and thorough cleaning of all internal components
- Test for duct leakage and repairing the seal if needed
- Airflow measurement
- Test for refrigerant level and leak detection
- Lubricate moving parts
- Verify accuracy and function of thermostat and other controls.
Our technicians are here to help every step of the way, whether you would like to switch to a heat pump system or are overdue for maintenance. Either complete the contact form so that we can contact you, or call 520-990-6129 to schedule a service appointment.